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Category = Physics // Subcategory = Education_Universities
31. University of Chicago - Department of Physics The Physics Department got off to a flying start in 1893 when A. A. Michelson, the most outstanding American scientist of the time, came to Chicago. He saw to the appointment of Robert A. Millikan and Arthur H. Compton, both of whom came to win the Nobel Prize. Michelson himself won the Nobel Prize in 1907, the first American to do so. Millikan's fame came from the oil drop experiment he did at Chicago. This established in a dramatic way the discrete value of the electric charge, whose value he measured with extraordinary precision. He won the Nobel Prize for providing, by means of the photo-electric effect, an experimental proof of the existence of the photon. Arthur Compton came to Chicago in 1923, fresh from his discovery of the quantum nature of the scattering of X-rays by electrons, an effect that bears his name and which helped establish the ideas of quantum mechanics. In 1930, Compton's scientific interest and the stamp of the Physics Department shifted from precision X-ray measurements to cosmic rays. His very productive group of investigators in cosmic rays included at various times such men as Luis Alvarez, Pierre Auger, Marcel Shein, and Volney Wilson.
32. University of Illinois - Department of PhysicsThirteen Nobel laureates have enriched our department through their contributions as students, postdocs, or faculty members, including John Bardeen, the only person to have won two Nobel Prizes in Physics, and Anthony J. Leggett, currently the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Chair in Physics.
33. University of Maryland - Department of PhysicsHoused within a large, diverse research university, Maryland Physics is one of the largest departments in the nation. Exploring more than 30 fields of physics, our faculty and students work together on some of today's most cutting edge physics research. Along with a rigorous academic curriculum and an ideal Washington D.C. location, this productive research program forms the foundation of a first-class educational experience. Our undergraduates are sough after by premier graduate schools and a competitive marketplace; and our graduate students advance to challenging careers in government, industry and academia.
34. University of Melbourne - School of Physics It is an exciting time to be studying physics in the 21st century: it is an enabling science that expands our knowledge of the universe and underpins new technologies that benefit our society. The School of Physics is well established and is internationally respected for its research excellence, broad-based undergraduate courses, and a challenging and rewarding postgraduate experience. Our collaborations are aligned with the world's leading research groups and facilities. We address some of the most important and fundamental problems of our age.
Our programs in astrophysics, theoretical particle and experimental particle physics explore questions relating to the origin, evolution and fate of our universe. Aligned with high energy physics programs taking place in Switzerland (CERN), the School has considerable expertise in grid computing, neutrino physics and physics beyond the 'Standard Model'. The LIGO gravitational wave detector project is designed to measure gravity waves, as yet unseen but predicted by Einstein. The MWA low frequency radio telescope is a facility currently under construction in outback Western Australia. Designed to capture signals from the early reaches of the universe, it is another tool that will increase our understanding of the universe.
The School has strengths in the exploration of matter and light interactions, particularly in advanced materials utilising diamond and silicon, quantum information science, photonics, advanced electron microscopy, nanoscale imaging, nanoelectronics, all the way down to the single atom and photon. Working closely with the Australian Synchrotron, our leading Centre for Coherent X-Ray Science employs X-Ray diffraction techniques and an interdisciplinary team of physicists, biologists and chemists to explore the structural determination of single biological molecules. Solving this problem is critical to rational drug design and biotechnology. With inter-institutional partners, the Centre for Quantum Computer Technology is building, at the atomic level, a solid-state quantum computer in silicon which will revolutionise computing industries.
The School, one of eight main departments within the Faculty of Science, comprises approximately 21 teaching & research staff, 50 research-only staff, 95 postgraduate students and 57 associates supported by 24 professional staff. The School additionally hosts 2 ARC Federation Fellows, 1 Australian Laureate fellow, 1 ARC Australian Professorial Fellow, 1 ARC QEII Fellow, 1 ARC Research Fellow, 1 ARC Future Fellow, 3 Australian Postdoctoral Fellows, 1 ARC Super Science Fellow, 2 ARC Discovery Early Career Researcher and 1 McKenzie Fellow.
Located in the heart of cosmopolitan Melbourne, the School is part of a vibrant campus environment and is a great place to study, as evidenced by internationally benchmarked ranking indicators (more info on About the University?). We welcome you to browse our website and annual reports. Please contact us if you are interested in pursuing studies or research at the School.
Professor David Jamieson
Head, School of Physics
35. University of Oxford - Begbroke Science ParkA range of professional courses are developed and delivered by University staff at Begbroke Science Park. The main focus is on Nanotechnology in conjunction with Oxford University's Department for Continuing Professional Development. Post Graduate courses and a Summer School are offered. The Director is also heavily involved in enterprise and innovation teaching. See also the online "basics" courses in Climate and Nanotechnology.
36. University of Oxford - Department of PhysicsWe are committed to training the next generation of physicists.
Our three and four year undergraduate degrees follow a broad and demanding curriculum and graduates from all over the world come here for their doctoral studies.
Over 100 academics lead research spanning the breadth of physics.
We gaze into the far reaches of the cosmos, address pressing questions about the Earth's climate and explore the strange world of quantum mechanics.
We are one of the largest physics departments in the world.
We play a leading role in physics nationally and internationally and use our expertise to contribute to society's future. Read more in our latest newsletter.
37. University of Singapore - Department of Physics The Physics Department has the primary objective of advancing knowledge of physics and training of qualified manpower needed by Singapore to acquire and develop an economy based on high technology.
The Department is also involved in inter-disciplinary research with other branches of science as well as engaging in collaborative work with industry.
The aim of the Department in research development is not only to acquire new knowledge in fundamental areas, but to also tackle problems of relevance to Singapore's industrial development.
The Physics Department intends to play a key role in the advancement of Singapore into a high-tech era.
38. University of Tokyo - Department of Physics Professor Yoichiro Nambu wins the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics
This year, the Nobel Prize in Physics has been awarded to three Japanese physicists, Professor Yoichiro Nambu, Professor Makoto Kobayashi and Professor Toshihide Maskawa.
Among them, Professor Nambu started his career at our Department (1942: BA degree, 1942-1949: Research associate, 1952: degree of Doctor of Science) and has had a close association with us since then.
The concept of "spontaneous symmetry breaking", which Professor Nambu discovered, introduced a totally new method for giving mass to fundamental particles and played a defining role in constructing the "Standard Model" of elementary particles.
To date, many people have been awarded the Nobel Prize for their contribution to this model.
We are very happy to know that Professor Nambu, whose work is the basis of the "Standard Model", has finally been honored.
Professor Nambu's idea is quite universal in many branches of physics. For example, superconductivity and rotational phenomena in quantum systems can be clearly understood using his ideas.
The massless bosons which appear after the symmetry breaking are now referred to as "Nambu bosons" or "Nambu-Goldstone bosons".
We are indebted to Professor Nambu for his various contributions to our Department. He provided opportunities to many researchers from our Department to work in his Lab at the University of Chicago and shared his great ideas with them. He also visited our Department almost every year and shared with us his great inspiration through beautiful lectures and seminars. He also gave us valuable suggestions as a member of the independent review committee for the Department.
As an example, the goal of the 21st century COE program "Quantum Extreme Systems and Their Symmetries" (2003-2007) was conceived in order to promote a broad range of physics in a harmonious way, much like Professor Nambu's work.
Congratulations Nambu sensei!
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